Cottage is a rest from a busy, bustling city. Someone this place is associated with the summer harvest, while others as a place of family recreation. It is the association of summer cottages with a cozy recreation area that leads to thoughts about building a spacious veranda, where you can sit perfectly and enjoy the fresh air, silence, or the amazing singing of little birds.
What it is?
In fact, the porch at the cottage is a kind of continuation of the house, but it is an unheated room. For its construction, you can hire workers, and you can in the budget version to show their creativity and imagination. The room can be closed (glazed), you can build it open for better fusion with nature.
Where to start? The first is your imagination and the desire to do it yourself! The second important step to the beginning of any construction will be a sketch drawing of the desired object. In the project embody your dream. Determine what will be the veranda: separate from the house or adjacent to it. You definitely need to legalize your project, then get a building permit.
The veranda should correspond to the house, that is, if the house is made of wood, then the veranda is built from the same material. The same approach to the brick house. Before building the walls, the foundation is first poured.
What foundation to choose
Tape - easy to manufacture, but it requires physical strength, and more material consumption. It is used for heavy structures made of concrete, brick, stone; the slabs are monolithic, metal, reinforced concrete; when the soil is heterogeneous and there is a possibility of soil subsidence.
Pillar is a system of reinforced concrete or monolithic pillars at the corners of the perimeter, which are tied with beams for greater stability, the distance between them is 1.5-2.5 meters. Depth of more than 100 cm, for this you need to know the depth of soil freezing. By investing labor and materials it is more economical than tape.
Pile - used in low-rise construction, on soils that require deep immersion, or in places where there is the possibility of frequent flooding. Piles are made of wood, metal, reinforced concrete and the top is made with a grillage (upper part of the pile foundation). He distributes the entire load evenly across all piles. The distance from the ground should be 1-2 meters.
Walls and roof - from what and how to do
Now you need to decide on the walls of the veranda, that is, to build a frame:
- metal - a corner made of metal that is sheathed with wood is used;
- wooden - mainly it is parallel bars or logs in the form of a cylinder, impregnated with antiseptic composition and fire retardant impregnation.
Make a double bottom strapping for subsequent lagging, on which the floor covering of the veranda will fall. Connect the trim with a straight lock in the corners and cut in the racks. Each knot should be fixed and strengthened with bolts. Mount the upper trim with the rafters on the racks and connect the upper ends with the beam under the roof of the house. This is all bolted. Dimensions should be chosen so that the roof of the veranda is located under the roof of the house.
The roof is usually made leaning, adjacent to the roof of the house. It is laid on the crate, made of boards at a distance of 300-350 mm. So that in the rain, the water is not blocked into the veranda, the roof of the house should hang about 5 cm above the roof of the adjoining room. The length of the roof canopy boards, for protection against slanting rain, should be 120 cm longer than the distance between the outer rafters.
Cover the roof with different materials:
- From natural materials.
- Metal tile.
- Roll roofing products.
Floor windows door
Lay the floor on the logs that you must put up with a level, fix the boards on them. They must first be dried to prevent deformation of the floor. The guide board is placed opposite the entrance to the room. The distance to the wall is about 12 cm. It should be fastened to the logs with a screw as close as possible to the wall in order to cover it with a baseboard. All these details are checked by level. Then the next boards are laid, and they are fitted with a shock block to obtain tight joints. The installation process of the following boards is similar. After the floor is laid, a plinth is attached to its edge.
To put windows or not - at will. If you want to close the veranda, then you need to provide a place for windows. They can alternate: deaf with those that open. Since the veranda is summer, you can put a single glass.
Doors, too, can be put on any side, but they must open on the street for fire safety purposes. There are also many options to choose from: glazed, deaf, combined.
The interior on the veranda can begin to pick up only after the completion of construction work. Only then is the final result visible and which style fits better here. Maybe you will not need any special style decisions. Simply arrange the sofa, rocking chair, table, chairs or benches so that you are comfortable and comfortable.
We recommend to read:
- swing to the country (drawings);
- how to make an alpine slide;
- how to make a grill of metal.