Among the known types of exterior decoration of buildings, a special place is occupied by such a common material in construction, which is familiar to many siding. And indeed, with the help of this inexpensive, lightweight and fairly durable coating, presented on the domestic market with a rich assortment of various textures and colors, it is easy to make any structure quite modern and complete. In the article we will tell how to sheathe a wooden and brick house.
Before you sheathe a house with siding, you should carefully familiarize yourself with the features of this type of finish, which has many different designs. First of all, you should know that such a finish is usually used for dry cladding of walls erected from such common materials as wood, brick, foam concrete or sandwich panels.
Installation can be performed both horizontally and vertically.
Nowadays, the following types of siding material are most commonly found on the construction market:
Each of these varieties has its drawbacks and advantages, but most often vinyl siding is used for finishing residential buildings, which attracts consumers with ease and relative cheapness. These qualities allow you to use this material even when finishing not entirely new or partially worn buildings.
Preparing the surface of a building for cladding is reduced to cleaning it from dirt and excess layers, as well as to dismantling removable exterior trim elements (shutters, platbands, grilles, water drain parts, etc.). In addition, all the gaps, as well as gaps around the window and door blocks, are repaired with the help of mounting foam or cement mortar. The walls of wooden buildings are treated with special types of protective coatings (antiseptics and flame retardants), and a layer of deep penetration is applied to the foam concrete structures.
Before the house is upholstered with siding, it will be necessary to prepare the supporting base for its fastening, which is usually done in the form of wooden sheathing or a framework made from a metal profile.
To prepare the frame for metal lining, mounted on brick and concrete walls of the finished buildings, as a rule, a galvanized metal profile is used. While for fixing vinyl or wooden siding most often used lathing with slats section of 60 × 40 mm (50 × 50 mm).
As a heater "under the finish" you can use plates of expanded polystyrene, placed in the gaps between the elements of the battens or directly under it and fastened to the walls with the help of dry building mixtures. After mounting, the insulation is covered on top with a layer of thick plastic film that serves as a vapor barrier.
The lining of the building with vinyl (wooden) panels is made in accordance with the instruction attached to them, according to the instructions of which the following auxiliary elements are first of all mounted:
- special window and corner profiles;
- ebb used to close the base;
- starting strips;
- J- profiles;
There are several schemes for installing basic siding panels, each of which involves its own order of installation. In the “central” version, the installation begins with the fixing of two starting plates along the center of the facade, which are the starting point for the formation of the entire coating plane. In the case of an angular assembly, installation is carried out from the corner of the building; however, due to the lack of their own fasteners, the starting strips are fixed in a special profile.
When installing the starting strips you need to check the accuracy of their installation. This is explained by the fact that the slightest deviation from the vertical of at least one of them will certainly result in a distortion of the entire series of mounted siding blanks.
Note also that when several planks starting small thermal gap (about 10-12 mm) must be provided therebetween.
Upon completion of the above procedures, performed with the required leveling on the level, you can proceed to fixing the inner corner strips (J profiles) with the subsequent installation of the entire range of panels.
Fastening of the slats on a wooden frame is carried out with the help of screws, which are screwed in at three points of the workpiece (top, bottom and center). The mounting location should be located in the center of the sheathing bar, and a small gap (about 1 mm) is left between the cap and the panel itself, taking into account possible thermal expansion of the material.
If you want to trim not only the house, but also the gable, then read the article: "How to sheathe the gable with siding"
This video shows the order of the stages on the siding of the bath walls. You will also get acquainted with the subtleties and nuances of each stage of the work.