Wooden floors never went out of fashion. But if earlier they were popular in houses and apartments only due to the absence of other similar materials, today the real wooden floors are chosen by those who prefer to live in an environmentally friendly or cozy home. In the article we will look at how to paint such a coating in a house in the country, in an apartment, on a balcony, and also in a garage.
Choosing a paint coating
A variety of paint coatings designed for processing wooden floor is simply amazing. In this situation, no wonder and get confused. When choosing a paintwork material, consider the following:
- Wood species
- Operating conditions This includes the level of humidity, temperature, whether there is heating.
- Compatibility with the previous covering (if it is a question of old floors).
All paint coatings designed for coatings of wood, are conventionally divided into transparent and opaque. If we talk about transparent formulations, they can be divided into 3 types:
Varnish is essentially dissolved natural solid resin, nowadays it is also synthetic polymers. Depending on the solvent, lacquers are divided into several types:
There are cases when floor lacquering is unacceptable:
- The old coating was previously treated with linseed oil or other oil formulations.
- Outdoor playgrounds - terraces, gazebos, verandas.
- In rooms with high humidity levels.
The varnish penetrates the pores of the wood no deeper than 2 mm, forming a film outside. Therefore, if in the future you want to change the coating, then the old varnish can be removed with the help of scrubbing.
The floor is covered with an opaque paint in order to protect the wood from mechanical effects and if the quality of the wood is not presentable enough to maintain its natural structure.
If you have to paint in a room with high humidity, then use for this purpose waterproof acrylic paint.
Worried about safety paint for health? In this case, you are suitable water-dispersion paint. Its advantages are long-lasting color retention and ease of application to a wooden surface.
The main advantage of painting the floor is that it can be repainted if necessary several times.
The most ancient method of covering a wooden floor is its oil treatment. This is an environmentally safe method. For these purposes, use sunflower, soybean, wood, linseed oil. As well as natural modified resins and synthetic polymers.
The oil penetrates deeply into the wood structure, exerting a preservative effect on the material, which serves as protection for the coating against the effects of pathogenic flora and internal changes.
An oiled floor will not swell or dry out. You have the opportunity to choose the oil that does not affect the color of the tree. There are oils that change color from whitish to red-yellow, brown and black.
When wood is impregnated with natural finishing oil, it needs to be opened with wax.
In the manufacture of wax to cover the wooden floor using linseed oil, beeswax and other additives. Waxed wood has a golden hue and flickers with silky light.
This coating has a high moisture resistance, but is not protected from mechanical stress. In view of this, it is unprofitable to use a wax coating in rooms with high traffic.
Interestingly, in the past, polisers served in royal palaces, whose task was to rub a wax floor with a special tool every day.
If you have preserved old wooden floors in your room, then, most likely, they have already been painted several times. And therefore, you should focus on the following points:
- the existing color (to paint a darker shade lighter, you may need more than 2 coats of paint);
- a kind of previously used paint (if you can’t remember what you painted last time, rummage around in your “stocks” of materials on the balcony or storeroom, because practice shows that a jar of paint is often not thrown away, and there is always some paint left in it) ;
- their financial capabilities and the availability of suitable paint in the store.
Alternatively, you can try to completely remove the old paint, ottsiklevat floors and varnish them. However, if during the time of their “service” the boards led (they became either “humped” or, conversely, concave), no master could take up the chiseling.
The presence of nails hammered into boards on top and hiding under a layer of old paint will become a problem (the floors in public buildings, for example, in schools, are usually “repaired”). In such cases, it is better to think about the complete replacement of the old wooden floor with a more modern flooring.
But the parquet (it is almost all of oak), even the old, ottsiklevat much easier. It remains only then to cover the surface in two layers with varnish (with or without a shade) on the primer.
The whole complex of works on the repair of parquet:
New wooden floors, which have never been painted, leave more room for choice.
If you want to preserve the color and texture of wood, then give preference to colorless varnishes with good wear resistance. If the natural color of the boards or parquet planks differs in color (in some places of the surface), it is better to use a tinted varnish that will hide this not very pleasant nuance.
Choosing the best paint the wooden floor of a country house, be sure to find out what wood it is made of. The fact is that some breeds of trees have soft wood (for example, pine), on which even a thin female heel can easily leave a dent. Therefore, to cover it is necessary to choose a special varnish (for soft wood or strictly for a particular tree species). A simple parquet lacquer will not work in this case, since it is designed for durable and hard wood (mainly oak).
The varnish application methods also differ:
- parquet lacquer is applied with the obligatory preliminary priming of the surface (get the primer immediately at the store, and it is desirable that it be the same manufacturer as the varnish you have chosen);
- the varnish for the floorboard is simply applied in three layers, each of which must be completely dry.
If according to the design plan your floor should have a certain shade, you can choose one of two ways:
- pre-toned wood with special stains in a suitable color, and then apply a lacquer coating on top (in two or three layers),
- immediately use colored oil and wood wax (of course, after thorough grinding), applying it manually or mechanically.
Elimination of coating deficiencies
Unfortunately, not always boards will be perfectly smooth and without gaps. Therefore, before you go to the store and choose how to paint a wooden floor, you should think about how to eliminate the identified shortcomings:
- the gaps between the boards can be puttied with oil putty, adding a little sawdust;
- irregularities and dents on the boards will first have to be putty (oil putty to match the paint, which you are going to paint) on a layer of dried primer or drying oil - in this case the floor is not covered with varnish, and only wood paint is applied.
The wooden white floor looks very original. To obtain this result, you need:
- carefully grind a new coating that has not been coated with paint or paint before;
- if defects have appeared (dents), putty them with a special putty (in the store when you buy it, check if it is tinted with colored oil with wax, or buy white putty at once);
- cover the surface with white oil with hard wax (use a brush for this, after carefully mixing the composition in a jar);
- after 15-20 minutes with a soft cloth (cloth), remove the composition that has not been absorbed into the wood;
- a day later, in the same way, apply a second layer of white oil with hard wax.
Unusual painting of the wooden floor in the country
Often the floors in the country do not differ presentable. In view of this, it is customary to paint them, and not to varnish. But not everyone likes the usual painting in any shade of brown. How to be in this situation? We offer you to break the pattern:
- Draw a pattern to scale on paper. Then determine the size and color of the picture. To keep the borders of straight lines neat, use masking tape.
- Paint the wood floor with a basic paint color.
- After the base is dry, apply the base color of the stencil.
- Then paint the details of the image.
For this job you will need:
If you walk over the pattern with a brush with light / dark paint, the surface will appear more voluminous.
In this way, you can divide the space into functional zones. In addition, this idea may be practical in a narrow corridor. Painted coating, for example, in the form of a track looks very original. In addition, the painting may well be light. There is no need to clean the mat drawn on the floor, which can also be attributed to the advantages of the coating. All you need is a bucket and a mop, and the “rug” will again shine like a new one. Agree, it is convenient.
If you are a supporter of lacquered floors, then we suggest you to put a light bright ornament on the varnished surface. In addition, with paint you can make an imitation of expensive wood inlays.
Wood flooring in the garage
The wooden floor in the garage is a solid foundation that does not produce dust in the room, unlike its counterpart from concrete. However, such a coating will not be resistant to abrasion and mechanical stress, if it is not pre-treated. Also, as you know, wood quickly absorbs odors, and even more so in the garage.
For painting in should choose the compositions that would improve the wear resistance of the tree at times.
Polyurethane varnishes have been specially developed to obtain a durable wood flooring. They are 100% polyurethane in an organic solvent without asphyxiating alkyd additives. Types of coatings:
- glossy varnish for interior work;
- impregnation for interior work;
- glossy light-resistant varnish for external works;
- light-resistant impregnation intended for indoor / outdoor use;
- impregnation and wear-resistant varnish for light outdoor / indoor flooring.
Impregnation penetration depth - 3–7 mm. In comparison - the usual varnish has a penetration depth of up to 2 mm. After staining, a clear or colored film is formed. After curing, the finished coating is harmless to the human body.
These varnishes are used in temperate / cold climates. Can withstand temperatures from -50 to + 100ºС.
The paint-and-lacquer coating is resistant to water, detergents, acids and aggressive salts in the temperature range -30 + 60ºС.
Polyurethane varnish can be applied in the temperature range -15 + 40ºС. The surface must be dry, otherwise bubbles may form under the coating. Pre-treat the surface with toners, flame retardants and antiseptics. Only in this case, the coating will be durable. Also, before applying a polyurethane varnish, the floor should be sanded and dust should be removed from it. To make the coating matte, use polyurethane impregnation.
After the first layer of impregnation is applied (approximate varnish consumption - 200 - 300 g / m2), you need to let it dry for 3-4 hours. Then remove the raised wooden pile. Use sandpaper for this purpose. Apply the next layer of impregnation at a rate of 150–200 g / m2. The varnish is applied in 1–2 layers, its consumption is 200–300 g / m2.
If you make a little effort, turn on the imagination and enthusiastically perform painting in accordance with the recommendations outlined in the article, the result of your work will really be good. If you have experience in performing such works, then share it with us and our readers.