Need to arrange personal items? You do not have a specific place to store them? Then you need a rack. This is the easiest and most practical way to solve this problem. The rack will be useful not only in the pantry, as many believe. Its use is practical in the garage, in the library, in the office, and even in the living rooms. In order to make a rack, you don't need superpowers, and you won't need special tools either. If your funds are limited, then you can make a rack from the materials that you have at home.
To successfully design a drawing, you should accurately measure the place where the rack should be located in the future. If you need to make it for storing tools or for preserving, then you shouldn’t be more sophisticated with forms. It should have a standard height, which allows you to make the pantry or garage space. For convenience, it is better to make it to the ceiling. The photo below shows an example of how a typical drawing of a rack for a garage or storeroom may look.
As for the width of the shelves, it all depends on those items that you plan on storing them. If we are talking about storing cans and books, then you will need 25-30 cm wide. As for the storage of the tool, then you should push off from its volume, the width of the shelves should match it.
The length of the shelves, as well as their width, also depends on the items that will be stored on them. For example, if the items are light, one shelf can reach up to 1.5 m, and if you need a bookshelf, for the sake of long-term preservation of the integrity of the shelving, each shelf should not exceed 90 cm in length. If you plan to store heavy tools on the shelves it is better to make a project with this fact in mind. In the process of manufacturing the rack, you will need to strengthen the frame profile of the metal.
Sometimes the rack is used to store various items in a residential area. In this case, it is better to take care of creating an interesting form of this design. So, you will be able to decorate the interior with a new piece of furniture and functionally fill the space.
Materials and tools for manufacturing:
- Reiki for the manufacture of crossbars and slats.
- Beam, used as a temporary backup.
- Shelves - MDF or particle board, plywood can serve as them.
- Dowels and screws.
- Screwdriver, and better screwdriver.
- A piece of chalk.
If you decide to use the chipboard or MDF as shelves, then you need to make sure that it is cut to the desired size. Often such services are provided in specialized stores.
We make the base design
The first thing you should do before installing any rack is to mark the wall. Wooden bars are best suited for the construction of load-bearing supports. The key to success will be the installation of a solid base of the rack. If the rack is designed for the entire height of the room, then it is important to fix the base to the floor and to the ceiling. If we talk about wooden bars, they can be either square or rectangular. Everything rests on the size of the finished design, the depth and width of the shelves.
The frame must be twisted with screws, and the corners strengthened with special strips. It is great if the base can be fixed to the wall, then the rack will be particularly stable, but in this case it will not be possible to install the back wall on the structure itself.
It is very important to ensure that in the process of mounting the bearing supports are always located vertically. The lateral cross braces ensure greater reliability of the rack, which makes the structure more rigid. It is especially important to consider these factors if the rack is subjected to heavy loads.
Install the box and shelves
At this stage, the rack can be sheathed with prepared chipboard or MDF plates, which should be attached to the bars - from the bottom, top and sides. The result will be a finished box without a back wall. But, if you have a desire, then you can make a structure with a back wall, here you can be guided by your own wishes or goals of using the rack. In general, the simplest design can consist only of bars and shelves. Bars and shelves can be painted.
With a standard room height, it is most practical to install 6 transverse shelves. You can determine their height by yourself. Recently, racks with an asymmetric arrangement of shelves are popular. The medium shelf is subject to the greatest stress, so it must be particularly durable. For better fixing of the shelves you need to use the corners of metal.
Another important detail: the thickness of the shelves should be 4-6 mm less than the length of the screw itself, with which the shelf with the bar is interconnected.
The design will withstand even heavy loads, if you firmly fix the corners. For best results, it is important to check the level of each shelf before it is finally fixed. Corner joints should be strictly angled at 90 ?.
We are nearing the finish line. Fasten the front panels
If you sheathed a stack of MDF or chipboard, then at the end of the sheathing, you need to stick a special melamine edge on all the ends of the parts. It will be possible to do this with the help of an ordinary iron. You lay it on an edge with an emery paper (fine-grained) butt and smooth it with a hot iron. Excess edges are cut with a stationery knife.
Some shelves can be closed by attaching beautiful doors to them. This type of rack can be used every day, and its neat appearance will be a good and original decoration of any living room.