As a rule, buying a door, you get it ready with already hung loops. But if you have purchased the structure in the analysis, then you have to embed them yourself. If it is wrong to cut the hinges and to allow at least a slight bias, then this will lead to unnecessary consequences in operation: the door will not close tightly or the lock dog will not reach its place.
In order to carry out the replacement work correctly, you need to know in what sequence the door hinges should be installed with your own hands, later this will help you avoid problems in operation.
Choice of loops
Before buying loops, you need to decide on which one of them will fit your door, they are conditionally divided into three types.
- Brass. Such loops are widely used, because brass, thanks to its plasticity, is easily processed: chrome-plated or polished.
- Brass plated. As a rule, such loops are made of various alloys, and are coated with brass spraying, as well as other compounds that mimic the similarity: chrome, bronze or gold.
- Steel. These are the most reliable and high-quality hinges, because unlike brass, the hinges from which are grinded over time, steel loops are not subject to such a process, and therefore they can be considered as eternal.
When choosing loops you need to take into account some factors on which the duration of their work depends.
First, the weight of the door. Usually, two hinges are enough for one door, but if the door is made of solid wood, then it is heavier, which means that it is better to cut three loops.
Secondly, the bearings in the hinges. This design of the loop will not creak after prolonged use.
Secondly, depending on the side of the door opening, the hinges can be with left-side opening and vice versa.
What you need for self-installation
- Chisel and hammer.
- Screws and screwdriver.
- Pencil for marking.
- Wooden wedges.
Make markup and cut out the seats.
Correct installation of hinges should be indented 20 or 25 cm from the bottom and top of the door. But at the same time, carefully inspect the surface so that there are no knots or chips in the places of the intended installation. If you screw the screw in such a place, it can split the box or go against it, which will not allow to fix the loop qualitatively. If there are such places, the attachment should be moved a few centimeters up or down.
First, make the markup with a pencil on the door. Put the loop in the place of the proposed fastening and circle them. Then apply the chisel to the markup and gently knock with a hammer across the markup to cut the loop contour. After this, you need to make several cuts along the length and, using a chisel from the side, to make a recess.
If the recess is made larger than the hinge thickness, then when the door is closed, the second half will rest against the box, which will subsequently lead to the deformation and upholstery of the door.
The same procedure must be done with the second footprint. Then, attach the loop and fasten it with self-tapping screws. Everything, the door is ready, now it is necessary to cut loops into the box.
How to make a markup on the box
Here you will find it a little more difficult to map out a place. To do this, install the door in the box and fix it with wedges in the intended place of closure. If a lock is embedded on the door, it will greatly facilitate the work, you can close it and adjust the door. We substitute the wedges under the bottom and with the help of the level bring it to the line.
It is necessary to adjust the door in the box both horizontally and vertically. If you put it in the wrong direction horizontally, the door will be set back and it will be difficult to close. A wrongly installed door vertically will open independently.
After aligning all the corners, with a pencil we make notes in the places where the hinges touch the box. It will not be possible to completely mark out here, and therefore it is better to unscrew the hinges from the door again, to outline their outline on the box and screw it into place.
After that, you need to cut grooves for them in the same way as you did on the door. The rules are the same - the main thing is not to overdo it with depth. When you have everything ready, we put the wedges under the bottom again, move the door to the box and fix it in place with self-tapping screws. Everything is ready to check it for the quality of opening and enjoy the result.
So that during the fastening with screws, the door leaf does not crack, you need to do it in places where the hole is screwed in with a thin drill.
If you do not have the necessary tools or you do not have the skills of such works, you can purchase butterfly loops. They belong to the class of "bezrezny" and can install them any. The principle of operation lies in the fact that in the closed state of the card (the side of the loop) are one to another. Due to this, such loops do not require tie-ins, and the gap in the closed position is small.
We recommend to read:
- installation of a box of interior doors with your own hands;
- alignment of the walls of the beacons with their own hands.
Recommendations for inset hinges in interior doors. Some clever tips: