When laying concrete mixes, different types of vibrators are used to get rid of air inclusions, to evenly distribute them over the area or shape. The role of this device is the simultaneous compaction and alignment of structures with a small depth of the concrete layer and a large surface area. Often made vibrating rail for concrete with his own hands, it helps to reduce the budget of construction works.
Scope and advantages of vibrolaths
The high efficiency of this tool with a relatively small investment of energy and labor costs make it indispensable for the device:
- Concrete floors.
- Cement screed floors.
- Road surfaces.
Note! Elements made using a manual vibrator, have increased strength and durability, rather than being built without a specialized tool.
Work with a vibrolath has a number of features that favorably distinguish it from other type of vibrating equipment:
- Exceptional ease of operation and maintenance - does not require long-term education and learning technology.
- Compactness and in this regard, not difficult transportation, which facilitates the relocation from object to object.
- Good performance when working with dry solutions (mixtures containing not more than 20% water).
- High performance of uniform compaction of concrete coatings with a thickness of 10-30 cm.
- Best alignment result (absence of any defects on the surface of the structures).
Types of designs vibrolath
Despite the simplicity of this equipment, the screeds have several modifications:
The floating design of this tool is installed directly on the concrete surface and, making independent smooth progress, fulfills its purpose. Such vibrolaths for laying concrete are used to compact mixtures to a depth not exceeding 18 centimeters.
Control of the floating equipment is carried out by one person because of the ease of the device and ease of operation. The most effective floating rail for the device smooth self-leveling floor.
Vibrolath with guides
Vibrorail with existing guides copes with concrete with a layer thickness of 300 mm. High performance of this equipment is provided by equipping it with special guides of the required length and suitable configuration.
Guides allow the vibrating rail to hold onto the concrete surface. The power of such a tool allows to compact a solution of a specified thickness without involving submersible devices.
Interesting! Quite often, the simplest equipment is made of suitable scrap metal: shaped tubes, angular steel, channel bars. Equipped with such a device the simplest drive to create vibration.
Vibrators with reverse
From the mechanisms working along the guides, reversing devices are distinguished by a separate class. Due to its design with rounded edges, these vibrators operate when moving in the forward and reverse direction, which allows to increase the efficiency of the workflow.
Separately, it should be noted the so-called sliding slats, which are made of aluminum or steel components.
Such telescopic structures allow you to adjust the working "capture":
- Aluminum from 2.5 to 4.5 m.
- Steel from 3.5 to 6 m.
Using such universal equipment, you can level concrete floors, both in a large hangar and on a small platform, by setting the guides and dimensions of the mechanism in the required parameters. Vibrorail in this case performs compaction, and the alignment of the concrete mix at once over the entire area, and tightened along the treated surface with a cable.
The following type of hand-held vibrator reaches its maximum grip length:
- Equipped with a petrol drive - up to 15,5m.
- Pneumatic and electric up to 25 m.
For the convenience of moving the device along the treated area, they are additionally equipped with hydraulic winches and an auto-stop valve if possible obstacles to further movement of the mechanism occur.
Note! Cutting reinforced concrete with diamond circles also has some peculiarities in its working process. After all, the denser the concrete, the less its structure is endowed with air, the more durable it will be, respectively, the effort and tools to work with it need more reliable. Often, only diamond drilling of holes in concrete, which was made using the above tool, is available.
Vibrorail compaction technology
Instructions for working with vibrolath is quite simple:
- Before concrete pouring to the zero level, guides are installed with strict observance of the horizontal.
- Then on the guides set the design of the vibrolath.
- Concrete is poured in such a way that its level is just above the bottom edge of the tool.
- The process of compaction and simultaneous alignment of the concrete surface is carried out directly:
- We start the mechanism creating vibration.
- Pull the rail along the guides.
Tip! For one-time use it is better to rent a vibrating rail. The cost of renting does not significantly affect the cost of construction, but the price of the new mechanism does not pay off on a small amount of work.
As you can see, this manual tool is multifaceted and you need to clearly understand what work you want to carry out and what type of equipment will be more effective in different cases.
But the most important thing is that you understand what advantage concrete surfaces have, the solution for which was mixed with the help of vibrators, even if it is a self-made vibrating rail for concrete.
In the selected video in this article you will find additional information on this topic.